Because of its location across two continents, Turkey’s culture has a unique blend of Eastern and Western tradition. Tourism in Turkey is mainly focused on a variety of archaeological and historical sites, and on seaside resorts along its coasts.
#1 Number one on our list are the many mosques and churches located in this historic country. Here are a few you need to see: Hagia Sophia, located in Istanbul, is famous for its massive dome, and is considered by many to be the epitome of Byzantine architecture. Set next to Hagia Sophia is the Sultan Ahmed Mosque. It is better known as the Blue Mosque for the blue tiles adorning the walls of its interior. The Chora Church is considered one of the most beautiful examples of a Byzantine Church. Like Hagia Sophia, it is now a museum, which showcases the fine frescoes and mosaics that cover the interior of the building.
#2 The number two location you need to see while in Turkey is the historic city of Troy.
Overlooking the south of the Dardanelles strait, it is a legendary city that has been the subject of many works of writing, such as Homer’s Illiad and Odyssey. We’re told that the Greeks attacked the Trojans because beautiful Helen was abducted by a Trojan prince. Modern historians agree that the ten years war was probably fought over control of the Dardanelles. Whatever the cause, the Trojans lost and Troy was sacked and burned. Today, visitors can see what is left of the city, and a replica of the infamous wooden horse that led to the downfall of the city.
#3 Everybody loves to shop while on holiday, so for number three on our list is the Grand Bazaar. As one of the largest covered markets in the world, Istanbul’s Grand Bazaar boasts four thousand shops and has between 250,000 and 400,000 visitors daily. Be sure to check out their well-known jewelry, pottery, spice, and carpet shops.
#4 As site number four, we have Topkapi Palace. Full of examples of Ottoman architecture, the palace also contains large collections of porcelain, robes, weapons, shields, armor, murals, as well as a display of Ottoman treasure and jewelry. Now a museum, the Palace is also home to the Spoonmaker’s diamond, an 86 carat pear-shaped diamond surrounded by a double-row of forty nine old mine cut diamonds.
#5 Finally, at number five on our list, Pamukkale is known as the 8th wonder of the world by the Turkish people. Mineral-rich waters rise from the ground at a temperature of 35°C and tumble down the mountain, forming a myriad of pools.
Cream colored stalactites are formed as the water overflows the pools, and giving it its name Pamukkale, meaning “Cotton Castle.” There are an abundance of hot springs which are recommended for the treatment of heart disease, circulatory problems, high blood pressure, nervous disorders, eye and skin diseases and digestive maladies.