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Travel Guide: Bosnia-Herzegovina

VO: Rebecca Brayton
This south-eastern European country is known as the heart-shaped land, and is known for its unstable past. However in recent years, the country has become more attractive to tourists. Part of Yugoslavia until it gained its independence in the 1990s; Bosnia-Herzegovina today is a modern European country. Its capital and largest city is Sarajevo, a city that is famous for featuring a wide variety of religions. In fact, it is even nicknamed the “Jerusalem of Europe.” The country boasts a beautiful landscape, filled with mountains and flowing rivers. In this video, continues our travel series with a look at Bosnia-Herzegovina.

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Jerusalem of Europe

Bosnia-Herzegovina is located in South-Eastern Europe, and boasts a population of over four and a half million. The country was considered part of Yugoslavia until it won its independence during the 1990s. Today, its capital and largest city is Sarajevo, and this metropolis is often referred to as the "Jerusalem of Europe" for the wide range of religions that it encompasses.

Part of the Balkan Peninsula

Bordering Serbia, Croatia and Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina helps form the Balkan Peninsula. The country also has a short coastline of 12 miles on the Adriatic Sea, but otherwise it is completely landlocked.

Two Regions

The country is roughly defined into the regions of Bosnia in the north and Herzegovina in the south, with the northern section being the larger of the two. The capital of the Herzegovina region is Mostar, a historically and culturally important city.

A Mountainous Country

A good portion of the country is covered in mountains, while the eastern and central regions boast forested areas. Bosnia-Herzegovina is also home to a number of major rivers that run through the stunning landscape.

Climate and Weather

With a typically continental climate, Bosnia-Herzegovina boasts sizzling summers offset by snow-filled, chilly winters.


Tourism in the country has increased greatly in recent years, and continues to grow. Landmarks of cultural, religious and historical significance draw visitors, as do the country’s world-class skiing destinations. Athletic travelers can partake in another well-liked local activity: white water rafting is wildly popular with residents who often ride down the country’s many rivers.

With its cultural diversity, historic significance and gorgeous scenery, Bosnia-Herzegovina will continue dazzling tourists for years to come.

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